I believe a healthy dog starts the moment it’s conceived. Genetics are underrated when determining the quality of a dog. I tell my customers, they buy half the dog and we train the other half. No matter how much training we do, we can’t make up for the first half you didn’t buy. Most breeds have health concerns particular to that breed. With Labradors, we have hip and elbow dysplasia, eye issues, Exercise Induced Collapsed (EIC) and Centro Nucielu Mypothy, (CNM). Some breeds are known for genetic blood disorders, some have high incidences of skin allergies. Doing some research on your particular breed will allow you to find a reputable breeder to get you a healthy puppy. This puppy will cost a little more, but in the long run will save you money in vet bills and heart ache dealing with medical issues down the road. The cost of the puppy is small compared to the amount of money you will spend on this dog for the rest of its life. A good dog eats just as much dog food as a bad dog.
Other traits such as retrieving, trainability and social skills are also genetic. Bottom line is the extra time, effort and money you spend to find a genetically sound puppy will pay off for years to come.